Although I only covered Exxon (XOM) last week I feel like I should give it another article after Friday’s results. Suffice to say they were pretty poor. Macro conditions came in way below the company’s reference points, leading to a $6,000m decrease in annual profit versus 2018. (In fact if you strip out some one-time items, such as the gain booked on the sale of non-operated upstream assets in Norway, then profit was down circa $10,000m versus 2018).
In terms of annual cash flow the company generated approximately $28,800m over the course of 2019 (excluding cash from asset sales and working capital movements). Over the same timeframe the combined bill covering cash capital expenditures and shareholder dividends clocked in at circa $41,000m. Absent cash from other sources, quick math would suggest the dividend is now in unsustainable territory.
Two other issues are proving an acute problem right now. Firstly, coronavirus is wreaking short-term havoc on the oil price – hardly surprising given China consumes over thirteen million barrels of oil each day. Secondly, Exxon is heading into a massive capital spending program that will swallow up to $35,000m in cash this year. For those reasons the stock is currently getting pummeled. Heck it’s even down another 2.4% as I type.
Under company reference conditions Exxon would be on course to make well over $20,000m in net profit this year. In terms of cash flow I reckon that works out to over $45,000m assuming depreciation runs at around $20,000m per annum. Even under the company’s aggressive capital spending program (~$35,000m is planned for this year), that would be enough to cover most of its dividend obligations for 2020. The assumption these numbers were based on included a real terms Brent crude oil price of $60/bbl (2017 reference) and 2017 margins in Chemicals and Downstream.
(Source: Exxon Mobil 4Q19 Results Presentation)
Herein lies the big problem for Exxon right now. Firstly, and in terms of the oil price, that $60/bbl reference price is more like $65/bbl right now due to the effects of inflation. Obviously that is some way above the prevailing price (~$54.20/bbl for Brent at time of writing and circa $49.95/bbl for West Texas Intermediate).
As far as media commentary goes, this is typically what garners most attention. Although this isn’t all that surprising (Exxon generates most its earnings from upstream activities after all), it is worth considering how poor the Downstream and Chemicals numbers are. Margins here are basically at ten-year lows. In terms of the overall combined numbers, those two segments made around $6,450m less over the course of 2019 than they did back in 2018. That is the equivalent of around 40% of Exxon’s total annual cash dividend bill.
A small sticking sticking plaster is coming in the form of the company’s divestment program. By 2025 Exxon plans to raise around $25,000m in total from the sale of non-core assets, 60% of which is due to come in the 2019-to-2021 three-year period. It booked circa $4,800m worth last year, around 75% of which it has already received in hard cash. Quick math would therefore suggest around $11,000m is due over 2020 and 2021 (assuming the company hits its targets of course).
(Source: Exxon Mobil 2019 Investor Day Presentation)
If you’re somebody who is concerned about the sustainability of Exxon’s dividend that should provide a little bit of comfort. I mean once we get past 2021 the company reckons it will be generating $40,000m in annual cash flow as a result of its capital spending plans under a $40/bbl oil price scenario (real terms, 2017 prices). That is still some way below current levels. In the high-$50s/bbl range the company will throw off enough cash to cover its dividend, even with capital spending running at around $30,000m per annum.
Obviously this is all still a couple of years away. In the meantime it looks like Exxon is set for a squeeze whereby it will have to smooth out its dividend cover with asset sales and extra debt. Share repurchases look totally off the table for the foreseeable future. In exchange for that level of uncertainty, Exxon stock currently offers a historically high dividend yield (in excess of 5.6% as I type). I maintain the view that this will look a good bargain in a few years time, at which point the company could realistically be pumping out $10,000m-plus in post-dividend annual free cash flow.
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Disclosure: I own shares of Exxon Mobil Corporation stock.